Dating tashkent uzbekistan
Today many people still speak Russian, but the government is heavily promoting Uzbek. Symbols of Uzbekistan's independence and past glories are most common.The flag and national colors—green for nature, white for peace, red for life, and blue for water—adorn murals and walls.The Ferghana Valley in the east is the heart of Islam in Uzbekistan.Here, where the country is squeezed between Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, the mountainous terrain supports a continuing nomadic lifestyle, and in recent years has provided a venue for fundamentalist guerrillas.With 2.1 million people, it is the largest city in Central Asia. The current population of Uzbekistan is 24.8 million.Seventy-five to 80 percent are Uzbek, though many of these were originally from other ethnic groups.Of the more than one million people who have left, essentially all were non-Uzbek.Cities like Andijan and Ferghana, whose populations had been only half Uzbek, are now virtually entirely Uzbek.
From 1989 to 1996, five hundred thousand more people emigrated than immigrated; most of the emigrants were educated.
The twelve stars on the flag symbolize the twelve regions of the country.
The crescent moon, a symbol of Islam, is common, though its appearance on the national flag is meant not as a religious symbol but as a metaphor for rebirth.
Since independence there has been a shift back to Roman script, as well as a push to eliminate words borrowed from Russian.
About 14 percent of the population—mostly non-Uzbek—speak Russian as their first language; 5 percent speak Tajik. Under the Soviet Union, Russian was taught as the Soviet lingua franca, but Uzbek was supported as the indigenous language of the republic, ironically resulting in the deterioration of other native languages and dialects.
The architectures of Samara and Bukhara also symbolize past achievements.